Check out our latest magazine... Read Online

Town spotlight feature: Haywards Heath

The busy and vibrant town of Haywards Heath in West Sussex is an attractive mix of residential, shopping and business and glorious countryside.

Early History: The area now known as Haywards Heath has evidence of human habitation dating back to the Mesolithic period, as flint tools have been found in the region. During the Roman period, the area was part of the Roman road network that connected London to the South Coast. The Romans also established settlements and villas in the surrounding area.


Medieval Period: In the medieval period, Haywards Heath was a small agricultural settlement with scattered farms and woodland. The name "Haywards Heath" is believed to have originated from the Old English words "hayward," meaning "a person responsible for fences or hedges," and "heath," which refers to the open land used for grazing. During the medieval period, Haywards Heath was part of the ancient parish of Cuckfield and was under the control of the manor of Wakehurst, owned by the Knights Hospitaller. The local economy revolved around agriculture, with farming, sheep rearing, and forestry being the main sources of livelihood for the residents.

18th and 19th Centuries: Haywards Heath began to grow and evolve during the 18th and 19th centuries. The construction of the London to Brighton railway line in 1841 brought significant changes to the town. Who was responsible for the decision to site a station midway between Lindfield and Cuckfield? The residents of those two villages had a big say. Both populations were keen to profit from the proximity of the railway without having to deal with the noise and the pollution.Their opposition was the seed that germinated an entirely new settlement. The plans for a direct London-Brighton line were altered to include a station stop at Haywards Heath. There were a few cottages and farmhouses scattered around the area already, but it was railway contractor Joseph Flesher, who built the very first house called Clevelands on the top of the tunnel. It was the first house to be built as a direct result of the railway. As a result, Haywards Heath transformed from a small agricultural settlement into a thriving market town. The railway brought increased trade, employment opportunities, and a surge in population. Many businesses and shops were established along the railway line, and the town saw the construction of new houses, churches, schools, and other public buildings.

In the late 19th century, Haywards Heath became known as a popular health resort due to its comparatively clean air and pleasant surroundings. The town attracted wealthy visitors seeking a healthy lifestyle, and several grand Victorian mansions and hotels were built to accommodate them. The railway also made it easier for commuters to travel to London for work, further boosting the town's growth. Thomas Bannister was a farmer and auctioneer who capitalised on the arrival of the railway with a thriving cattle market at the foot of Boltro Road. Originally established in 1868, the market quickly became one of the largest in the UK. According to Phillipa Malins of Cuckfield Museum’s Curatorial Team, it handled “about 100,000 animals a year, and brought in huge amounts of money and custom to the town as the banks and businesses in Boltro Road testify. The lowing of cattle was a familiar sound to anyone working in that part of Haywards Heath right up until the closure of the market in 1989 when it made way for a superstore.” 

20th and 21st Centuries: Haywards Heath continued to grow and develop. During World War II, the town played a significant role in the war effort, with several military installations and facilities being established in the surrounding area. After the war, Haywards Heath experienced further expansion with the construction of new residential areas, schools, and hospitals. In 1859, the Brighton Lunatic Asylum opened on the outskirts of Haywards Heath. It was the last asylum to be built under the 1845 Lunatics Asylums Acts, which required all counties in England to invest in institutions for their ‘pauper lunatics’. Roland Harris writes in his Historic Character Assessment Report on Haywards Heath, “The hospital was vast, with 425 places, and without doubt was a significant boost to the local economy, through construction, employment, and demand for housing.”

The asylum’s first medical superintendent was Dr Lockhart Robertson, who would have been a prominent figure in early Haywards Heath. Robertson was a progressive, promoting the use of non-restraint and using therapeutic methods such as vapour baths to treat depression.
The town also saw the development of a diverse range of industries, including manufacturing, retail, and services, which brought more employment opportunities for the local population. In 1902, for instance, the town became home to draper Mr Chapman who had worked in an Oxford Street Department Store and moved down from London to open his own business in Sussex Road.


In recent years, Haywards Heath has become a popular commuter town due to its excellent transport links to London and Brighton. Many residents work in these nearby cities but choose to live in Haywards Heath for its peaceful, semi-rural setting and excellent amenities. The town has also seen significant modernisation and regeneration projects, with new housing developments, shopping centres, and recreational facilities being built to cater to the needs of its growing population.

Haywards Heath has come a long way from its origins as a small agricultural settlement to a bustling commuter town with a diverse range of industries and amenities. Its history is marked by the development of transport links, the growth of industries, and the changing needs of its population. Today, Haywards Heath is a vibrant and thriving town with a rich heritage that continues to evolve in response to the demands of modern life.
 

More from Downtime

  • If You Ask Me: The Jobsworth and the Frog

    There is a malaise creeping through society whereby authorities and businesses use absurd interpretations of regulations as excuses not to provide services or assistance, writes Flo Whitaker

  • What to Watch in March 2024

    From science-fiction epics to supernatural horrors and family adventures, here's our guide to the best new films and TV shows arriving in March...

  • If You Ask Me... Politicians need a Translator

    With elections, resignations and government enquiries aplenty, 2024 is already proving to be a busy year. In these confusing times, Flo Whitaker offers her interpretation of the most frequently-occurring narratives and themes…

  • Dark Skies Festival 2024: Where & When to Gaze at the Stars

    Embrace the darkness with our guide to all the stargazing opportunities coming to Sussex over the next week…

  • Be Well, Move Happy: Walking & Silence

    In our new series on wellness and movement, Sara Whatley will be diving into two complementary health topics each month. She kicks off with silence and walking

  • Special Interest Holidays: Try Something Different

    A chance to take a break, relax and recharge is one of life’s great pleasures, this month Lisa de Silva looks at combining interests with time out

  • If You Ask Me... Who needs Television anyway?

    The first thing people say when they visit Flo Whitaker’s home is “Where’s the TV?” Unimpressed by television from an early age, Flo still reckons the radio has the best pictures

  • 5 Ways to Cultivate Mindfulness

    In the bustling world of 24/7 technology and constant demands on our time, mindfulness is more relevant and necessary than ever. For many, the daily hustle and bustle can become overwhelming. Mindfulness, the art of being present and fully engaged in the moment, offers a respite, enabling us to find calm amidst the chaos.

  • Love Local Community Campaign

    Sussex Living is proud to be launching a campaign to support our High Streets, bring prosperity to businesses and help grow a thriving community.Because if we don’t use them, we will lose them.

  • Summer Activity Ideas To Entertain You and the Kids

    Summer in Sussex offers long, sunny days perfect for making memories with the kids.

  • Summer School - Part 2

    In the second part of our series on summer holiday learning opportunities, Hanna Prince looks at how to keep kids engaged with practical, creative and hands-on activities. Learning needn’t end when the holidays begin. The focus on maths and literacy in schools means that children don’t always get the opportunity to explore other topics – and summer is the perfect time to give their natural interests free reign. Whether you’re nurturing a budding artist, a sports fanatic or the next Bear Grylls, here’s how to broaden their horizons and weave extra-curricular education into your summer routine.

  • The Ultimate Act of Love: Providing for Your Family's Future with a Will

    Making a will is one of the most important things you can do, regardless of your age or financial situation. Unfortunately, many of us put it off, whether it’s because of the morbid topic of our own mortality or because we just don’t know where to start.

  • Five of the best anti aging facial exercises

    Facial exercises are often utilized as an alternative to more invasive treatments for combating the appearance of aging. By strengthening and toning the muscles under the skin, facial exercises can promote a more youthful appearance. Here are five of the best anti-aging facial exercises:

  • Five Essential Fashion Classics For the Mature Woman

    Fashion is an ever-evolving art form, but some styles withstand the test of time, epitomizing timeless elegance and sophistication. For the mature woman, embracing classic fashion styles allows her to exude confidence, grace, and a refined sense of style. In this article, we explore five enduring fashion styles that perfectly complement the mature woman, helping her look and feel her best in any situation.

  • Get your children involved in litter picking this Summer holidays

    Be like the Wombles and become the worlds best litter pickers and recyclers, making good use of bad rubbish, says Sara Whatley

  • So you think you know Brighton’s history?

    Brighton is one of our favourite seaside destinations in Sussex and is renowned for its lively atmosphere, stunning architecture, and rich cultural heritage. With a history that spans centuries, Brighton has seen a myriad of transformations and historical milestones. Let's explore five fascinating historical facts about Brighton that showcase its unique past.

  • Five Early Summer Reads to Enjoy in the Sunshine

    For June, five releases that combine romance, rock, and restorative justice.

  • A basic guide to insurance by Lisa De Silva

    Insurance can safeguard you, your family, and your property against the risk of loss, damage, illness, or death. In return for paying a regular premium, an insurance company will compensate you against any financial loss.

  • 6 ways to improve your golf game in Sussex

    If you have ever stood at the first tee on a golf course you’ll know the familiar polarity that follows. Your first shot can either go dead straight down the fairway and set you up for a great round of golf or, most commonly, it’s shanked into the trees and you know you’re shooting close to 100.

  • How to plan your perfect marriage proposal

    Have you found your soulmate, the person you want to spend the rest of your life with? If you’ve reached the stage in your relationship where things are getting serious, perhaps now is the right time to make it official. But how exactly do you ask someone to marry you?